In an age of global, immediate and dematerialised interactions human intent and actions, communication encoded in electronic social networks constitute a complex challenge for securing personal freedom and guaranteeing criminal repression. Long ago when the Vikings and pirates raiding of communities and hunting of slaves for trade was straightforward and the labour or pleasure enslavement that followed in farms mines or harems was evident, detecting and reproaching the criminal entrepreneurship was not a problem. Ill intentions now set and running in more sophisticated technological settings makes time, location, range and directions almost imperceptible and the commodification and exploitation almost invisible.
The human trafficking and enslavement reconceptualization (2005) began to be conceived and applied originally under a project for enhancing prosecution in a country within a united nations agency. It continued to develop and refine as a lens or prism of understanding for deconstructing the reproaches to this symbiotic crime and contribute to the societal prevention, penal investigation and judicial remedy to the contemporary exploitative phenomenon of humans.
Human Trafficking and Enslavement understood as the reduction for extraction and the act of extraction of value from a person is a process of capture of the personal movement/motion capacity of another human being to create value out of the person’s integrity or capacity for the sake of the controller. It is an analytical approach construed to comprehend and trace with clarity and precision human exploitation in contemporary societies.
The reconceptualization on movement/motion capture is a standalone analytical tool that separates the exploitation reproach from variables of moral, sexual, political or racial factors that are triggers or enablers of exploitation. In doing so it is expected to respond better to both criminal behaviour, cultural discrimination and their interplay. The Human Trafficking and Enslavement reconceptualization also disambiguates the symbiotic penal reproach from that of border control violations or smuggling of migrants and makes the causation of human harm and pain due to human commodification and enslavement irrelevant to national or extranational borders.
Human equality and Human autonomy, dignity is a principle set in most contemporary societies and their legislations and expected social behaviour from both physical/natural and legal/artificial persons. A universal understanding that since 1948 is also an internationally binding obligation to states and societies. It is on such predicate that burden of proof may be inverted to request evidence of due respect and diligence in the theory and praxis of such principle in the penal prosecution of contemporary human trafficking and enslavement cases.
Additionally, approaching the phenomenon as “human movement reduction and capture” for the sake of trade commerce and exploitation of a human being for the creation of economy, saving or surplus of another elevates the importance given by society to the existence of markets, clients and consumers of exploitation-based services, goods and wares.